Legislative and administrative frameworks govern the actions and obligations of individuals, organizations, and States. These come not only in the form of limits, restrictions, and standards that enhance safety, security, and environmental protection; these also include promotions and incentives that further the viability of the maritime industry, stimulate the national economy, and ensure the attainment of the UNSDGs. These requirements, standards, and incentives inform policy and are in turn, informed by policy. This RPA focuses on interrogating the maritime legislative and administrative requirements and the policies that are associated with them at the international, regional and national levels. Of particular interest is the inquiry into processes related to the design, formulation, and evaluation of law and policy. This includes examining performance monitoring systems using such tools as benchmarking and auditing. Also of particular importance is the research into implementation mechanisms, e.g., under the legal enforcement regimes prescribed by the IMO, ILO and other UN bodies.

Key topic areas:

  • Promote the understanding and efficient implementation of maritime legal instruments and attendant administrative mechanisms and related policies
  • Design, formulation, implementation and evaluation of law and policy at international, regional, and national levels
  • Administrative framework for fulfilling national obligations under international treaties
  • Maritime and port security as well as unlawful acts at sea including terrorism, piracy, illegal migration at sea, cyber-security breaches, and illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing
  • Implementation mechanisms e.g. under the legal enforcement regimes prescribed by the IMO, ILO and other UN bodies
  • Unlawful acts in the form of corruption, i.e. facilitation payment, bribery and the promotion of anti-corruption awareness in the industry, together with the industry, NGOs and other UN bodies
  • Application of international law and policy to non-conventional vessels including domestic ferries and fishing vessels
  • The circular economy from a policy and legal perspective