The Protection and Preservation of the Marine Environment and the Law of the Sea

Short Description/Aims

The courses gives and introduction of Part XII of the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea and the principal Conventions adopted under the auspices of IMO to protect and preserve the marine environment. The objective of the course is to give an overview of the activities carried out by international organizations, governmental institutions, and the shipping sector in fulfilling the obligations to protect the environment according to the international legal framework imposed by those conventions.

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the course participants will be able to:

  • Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of relevant rules and principles in public international law, such as general obligation of States to protect and preserve the marine environment under public international law and the doctrine of State responsibility.
  • Gain a sound knowledge and understanding of the role of IMO instruments in addressing marine safety and environmental protection, including MARPOL.
  • Examine and address other contemporary issues such as ballast water management, anti-fouling systems and the recycling of ships.
  • Appreciate and identify legal issues pertaining to civil liability and compensation regimes (CLC, Fund Convention and Protocol)
  • Analyze factual and legal situations by applying legal principles law, relevant civil liability conventions, legislation, and case law to determine polluter’s liability and compensability of claims.

Course Outline

  • Introduction to UNCLOS Part XII
  • IMO major environmental Conventions
  • IMO particular challenges
  • Compensation of claims related to marine pollution

Teaching & Learning Methods

  • Lectures
  • Discussions

Course length

3 days

EC Credit

1.5 EC

Mode of Delivery



María Carolina Romero Lares

Dr. Romero received a Law degree from the Universidad Católica Andrés Bello in Caracas, Venezuela, in 1995. She initiated her career as a lawyer working for the firm Rodríguez & Mendoza, Abogados and later at the Legal Department of Banco de Venezuela (Bank of Venezuela) in Caracas. She obtained a LL.M. degree from Tulane University, New Orleans, in the U.S. and she continued her education in Germany, where she finished her Ph.D. at Hannover Universität  with honors (cum laude).