Project description

At the request of WWF, WMU will produce a report concerning the PSSA (Particularly Sensitive Sea Area) in the Baltic Sea. This report will be used to evaluate and suggest updates and ways to strengthen the PSSA and the Associated protective Measures (APM's) in force today. In light of the future development of shipping in the Baltic Sea area, and also the expected increase in sea use in general, there is a need to review whether the current measures within the PSSA are sufficient to secure sustainable shipping and sea use in the Baltic, and whether the PSSA mechanism allows to tackle some of the most pressing issues in maritime safety and environmental protection, or whether other mechanisms are to be preferred.

Project Report (May 2014):
PSSA in the Baltic Sea: Protection on paper or potential progress?

Principal Investigator

Olof Lindén

Professor, Nippon Chair in Marine Environmental Management, Dr. Linden also holds a part time professorship in Coastal Management at the University of Kalmar.

Project Officer

Aref Fakhry

Dr Aref Fakhry joined WMU in 2014 as an Associate Professor. He mainly lectures in WMU's MSc Maritime Law and Policy specialisation. His areas of expertise are commercial maritime law, maritime security, marine environmental law, and ocean governance and policy. Aref carries 15 years’ experience as a lecturer at the IMO International Maritime Law Institute (IMLI) and the International Ocean Institute.


Project Duration

January, 2014