Project description

The right to anchor a vessel is part of the common law right of navigation. As such, a vessel is generally free to anchor temporarily in any safe location unless such anchoring is specifically prohibited by statute or legislation. Ships in Canadian waters must follow safety and security rules and procedures at all times. Whenever possible, commercial ships are allocated anchorages within a Canada Port Authority’s or a public port’s area of jurisdiction and management. However, there are occasions when the volume of shipping exceeds the capacity of anchorages under the control of ports, leading to reliance on nearby sheltered waters that are suitable for the anchoring of commercial shipping vessels. 

Anticipated traffic growth in the Asia Pacific Corridor as well as factors such as the completion of the Panama Canal expansion project suggest that there will be increased pressure to identify additional anchorages to meet demand.  As such, current and future needs for anchorage sites will require a clear process to identify and characterize anchorages for vessels.

To that end, the principal focus project Understanding the Impacts of Anchoring and Related Mitigation Measures, Technologies and Practices is twofold:


  1. 1.   The impacts of vessels anchoring outside Canadian public ports jurisdictions;


Identify and assess the safety, economic, environmental, cultural and social impacts (benefits and drawbacks) of vessels anchoring inside and outside Canadian public ports jurisdictions.


  1. 2.   Improvement options including incentives to drive anchorage behaviour changes;


To identify and analyze technologies and practices to minimize the impact and/or use of anchorage.







Project Officer

Clive Schofield

Professor Clive Schofield is Head of Research at the WMU-Sasakawa Global Ocean Institute, World Maritime University (WMU) in Malmö, Sweden. He was previously Director of Research at the Australian Centre for Ocean Resources and Security (ANCORS), University of Wollongong (UOW), Australia and remains a Visiting Professor with ANCORS. He holds a PhD (geography) from the University of Durham, UK and an LLM from the University of British Columbia, Canada.

Tafsir Matin Johansson

Dr. Tafsir Matin Johansson is employed as an Associate Research Officer at the WMU-Sasakawa Global Ocean Institute (Global Ocean Institute) in Malmö, Sweden. Prior to joining the Global Ocean Institute, Tafsir served as Research Associate at the World Maritime University (WMU) where he has held office since 2013. Tafsir is a policy analyst with a Ph.D. in Maritime Affairs from WMU, an LLM in Maritime Law from the University of Lund, Sweden, and an LLB from the University of Chittagong, Bangladesh.


Satya Sahoo

Satya is an Assistant Professor of Shipping Management and Finance at World Maritime University, Sweden. He teaches various modules in Shipping Management and Logistics (SML) and Port Management (PM) including Quantitative Methods and Market Analysis, Maritime Financial Management and Derivatives & Risk Management. Priory, he has taught various postgraduate, MBA and executive programmes in the UK and in India.


Project Duration

December, 2018 to March, 2019