This theme builds on the of maritime expertise within WMU and focuses on governance issues relating to shipping and particularly navigational rights and freedoms.
International instrument (ILBI) relating to biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ)
Oceans are warming and substantial changes the chemistry of seawater are occurring, including ocean acidification and . These changes are leading to severe for marine environments, habitats and species.
Foundations for claims to maritime jurisdiction, that is the definition baselines and the management of complex and critical ecosystems face of in increasing developmental pressures and 'coastal squeeze',
Human Rights, Gender Equality, Marine Debris, Blue Economy etc.